Three kinds of eyelid bumps are styes, chalazia, or xanthelasma.Most eyelid bumps go away on their own with home treatment, but see your doctor if they continue to grow, affect your vision, or show symptoms of infection, such as discharge.Effective home treatments for eyelid bumps include applying a warm compress several times per day to the infected eye and refraining from wearing eye makeup or contact lenses.
Eyelid bumps appear as painful, red lumps at the edge of the eyelid, typically where the lash meets the lid. Bacteria or a blockage in the oil glands of the eyelid causes most eyelid bumps.
Eyelid bumps are often harmless and don’t always require medical treatment. They often go away on their own or with basic home care. However, if an eyelid bump becomes increasingly painful, doesn’t respond to home treatments, or begins to interfere with your vision, you may want to talk to your doctor about ways to manage your symptoms or to look for signs of a more serious problem.
A stye is the most common type of eyelid bump. Styes occur when bacteria get into the oil glands in the eyelids. A stye is a round, red bump that appears close to your eyelashes. It can make your eyelid feel sore. A stye can also cause you to be sensitive to light and make your eye watery or feel scratchy. It typically takes a few days for a stye to form, and you may have more than one at a time.
A chalazion is an inflammatory lesion that occurs when the oil-producing glands or tear gland in the eyelids become blocked. A chalazion usually grows further on your eyelid than a stye. It’s painless in most cases. It can interfere with your vision depending on where it grows and how big it gets.
Xanthelasma are harmless, yellow bumps that occur when certain fats build up under the skin. These bumps tend to appear in older adults. In some cases, they indicate high cholesterol levels.
Most eyelid bumps appear as red or skin-colored lumps, and they typically occur along the edge of the eyelid. Sometimes, they can be tender. Other symptoms include red, watery eyes, a gritty, scratchy sensation in the eye and sensitivity to light.
Although most eyelid bumps are mild or harmless, some can indicate a more serious condition. You should see your doctor if any of the following occur:
Styes occur when bacteria enter and inflame your oil glands.
Your risk of having styes increases if you have a condition called blepharitis, which is inflammation of the eyelash follicles.
A chalazion can form when the oil glands in your eyelids are blocked. Styes that don’t drain can turn into chalazia.
Xanthelasma occur when you have collections of fat just below the surface of the skin. They can sometimes indicate that you have an underlying condition that causes high cholesterol, such as diabetes. They can also form without a connection to any medical conditions.
Your doctor can diagnose a stye or chalazion by looking at it. Depending on the location, your doctor may quickly flip your eyelid over to take a closer look. No other tests are necessary unless there’s a concern that you may have a different medical problem.
Don’t try to squeeze or pop a stye or chalazion. This can increase your risk of infection and can also spread bacteria to your other eye. You can treat a stye at home by holding a warm compress on it for 10 minutes up to four times per day. Heat and compression can help drain the stye, loosen blockages in the oil gland, and aid in healing.
If you have a large stye, your doctor might need to puncture it to drain the infected fluid. If you keep getting styes or have ones that won’t go away, your doctor might prescribe an antibiotic cream to put on your eyelid.
Surgery may be an option if you have a large chalazion that doesn’t go away on its own. Your doctor might give you antibiotic eye drops to use before and after surgery to treat or prevent infection. This is usually done in the doctor’s office. Anti-inflammatory steroid injections can relieve swelling.
Styes normally heal on their own after draining, which usually takes a few days to a week. Call your doctor if the stye doesn’t go away within one to two weeks. You might also get more styes after the initial one heals.
A chalazion usually disappears within a week to a month when treated at home, but you should let your doctor know if it keeps getting bigger or isn’t improving at all with warm compresses after a couple of weeks.